From the murals on the prototype to see Taekwondo
East of the founder of Goguryeo star Wang Meng Zhu Buyeo south from the north, and local capital in the single Huanren the (then this). Koguryo’s territory, based on the rule as the center Baekdusan desert southern side of the peninsula-wide fishing area, as well as China’s Manchuria (now Northeast areas) of the majority of the country.
Taekwondo original, that is, from countries located in the vicinity of the stained glass of Koguryo tombs, graves butt angle, the three mass graves and other mysterious mural room to be confirmed. Tsukamoto resist angle of murals, painted two of each other and do sumo grasping shoulders, Dance Dance Gaogouli denote the graves of life and women’s dance. Also, mysterious room ceiling, then paint two of being against each other to do taekwondo body potential.
Gaogouli AD3 years in both the original fan is loose in the capital, after 424 years of de 427 in the years to move the capital Pyongyang, during which Gaogouli graves were built on the site, can be seen, the mural is the time to prove the prevalence of Taekwondo, origin. Gaogouli custom painting to painting as a practice in one of Grove Wall, in other words, when the popularity of taekwondo has been to do the murals, we can see, taekwondo is not to study the non-state technology. In addition, there is the inevitable result of war, so people are Taekwondo arms as a compulsory subject and the ability to train, which can be seen from the mound, Room Military person murals were confirmed siege map.
Silla Hwarang and the Empirical Taekwondo
Although the founding of Silla Korea 20 years earlier (BC57), but still fear in the early founding of Goguryeo Power and influence, but only to the current place as the center Gyeongsang, and surrounded on all sides by the country more than a small country. Although its surrounding neighborhood are powerful, but it has not been embezzled, and maintenance of a 725-year long history of nation-building.
This Silla Hwarang Road had the folk activities. Its content is held by young people gathered at worship the gods, and to honing skills, to practice the spirit, so to defend the activities of the Shilla finally, at the same time, it formed the driving force for prosperity. In particular, there is no ideal Silla personnel selection methods, so hwarang set system and let teenagers singing and dancing, games, and then determine their nature, can, in order to set candidates. Among them, one way is to hand fighting discrimination, which is today’s Taekwondo is one of the methods of its identification.
In addition, the new Law of the samurai were the prevalence of a bow shot, Cuju, corner butt, hand pump (also written for the film in hand, hand-thin, hand flat, etc.), Firing from horseback, hunting, swing,Toy Horse activities such as martial arts. Military origin obviously games, singing and dancing activities and games in the last movement of virtually been referred to as 「Kerry haiku.」 It Jia haiku since July 16 the Chinese of both hope to start until August 15 and ending climax Fall Evening a national ceremony. There are many historical facts are fully confirmed the popularity of Taekwondo, importance, such as the Book of Seokguram Grotto, like that of King Kong is one.
Silla’s state religion is Buddhism, but it is part of the monks who hwarang. If the performance of the Taekwondo posture of sumon Seokguram Grotto Buddha, Vajra Book posture, can be fully proved popular in the new Romanian Taekwondo fact. Emperor in the 『B』 rhyme book in mind, the legislature and with each other kick down descriptions of the new Romanian folklore. This method are threefold: First, only the kick, and second, playing shoulder high technology, and the third is a higher technical Kicking each other’s hair . In addition to the above, there are hands-free play, boxing white, under arms combat skills, such as widely prevalent in Silla, Goguryeo, Baekje, and may be after the Records of the Historian , old things such as the book was confirmed.
The opening of the Baiji
Goguryeo, Silla, Baekje, etc. against each other, the Baiji is not charged in the Koguryo, Silla, after the big topic of martial arts in the country. 『 Countries such as the Records of the Historian, there are quite a number of emperors, such as Hua Wang, incentives in various ways into the thinking of those who advocate the promotion of martial arts from the credit. In Baiji, its all the people are riding, bow shooting, taekwondo and other activities as a game. Such as Historical Records of Three Kingdoms written, Ji-third of the Baekje Dynasty Iowa July 9, gathered the people of Taiwan in the West Conference held shooting bow. It can be seen that not only government officials, military personnel, as well as including all the common people are people, including warriors, while learning a variety of martial arts very prescribed.
BC18 from Baiji to the year AD660, had a glorious history, but was later Silla and the Tang Dynasty, a joint military defeat and the demise, so the description of the Taekwondo has been less in Korea, Silla. However, we can not only record and categorically denied Taekwondo less Baiji in the existence of universal access. If people can not even want to taekwondo the 「war would play」 competition, is very prevalent in Baiji. The so-called 「war will be drama,」 such as the original to the south of the original center Jirisan popular folklore surrounding sports is divided into two groups to compete on the outcome, it is the war movie with the same existing Taekwondo. Taekwondo deeply in Baiji and certainly not lost to Goguryeo and Silla.
Koryo era of empty-handed fighting
Korea was established in the year AD918. Although the establishment of a unified Korean peninsula in the country, but since the 11 on behalf of Korea Zongyao Wang until the 18 cases on behalf of justice between the king, because of re-production of light arms in the wave of text, so the military attache of the rebel cause, such as 「Rebellion ZHENG Zhong-fu,」 that is, yes. At first, the military attache to the civil service to eliminate corruption and to defend the legitimacy of the IMF, is rebellion. ZHENG Zhong-fu Li Wen, such as his have a good many taekwondo warriors. Li Yi Yi Wang, see Wen’s taekwondo skills is higher than the hand pump orders his subordinates to study drama. In addition to these records, but also from the history of Korea, information to determine, Korean martial arts of hand-pump was a civilian by the martial arts-loving.
One episode is introduced as follows: Du Zhuang Korea samurai fighting empty-handed or with a master’s friends to see义父said: 「Fighting is not the risk of empty-handed martial arts, there is a moral and therefore should not only exercise the old.」 So far the general legend to Fighting did not practice empty-handed.
Wu Yi Dynasty era
Taekwondo Korea can be said to be sovereign. In particular, positive history of Tae Kwon Do and excellent technology, is a symbol of the nation-fold (the history of the Korean nation, the Greco-called) of glorious history, but represents the wisdom of our ancestors than the general.
Taekwondo by the Koguryo, Silla, Baekje, and more times until the popularity of Yi Dynasty, more scientific. 14 years as Jeongjo (AD1790), the Yi Deokmu from Dili and Imperial edict book 『B』 Annals martial arts map book that is yes. Apart from the record book, taekwondo (Thailand and France), there is also the use of weapons.
At that time, such as military attache who would like to inauguration, to be knocked down to three taekwondo. There were Wang Thai banquet held from time to time by the model taekwondo competition, efforts to attach importance to the promotion of the martial arts and Taekwondo. In addition, the Japanese in the Japanese Invasion of chaos Jeongyujaeran (Wen Lu, Qing-long service), the 700 people who Yijun Jinshan from defeat at the hands of Japanese soldiers (Japanese soldiers), it is clear this is fully proved taekwondo in the power of hand-to-hand combat. There. Jeolla and clearance of the magpie Tadamichi purpose village level, the two taekwondo Road had to decide victory or defeat, by the record is not difficult to see, when people love between how taekwondo.
However, due to heavy at the end of the Yi Dynasty Wu Wen light of political and party struggles four-color (factional struggle within the palace), martial arts and more neglected, as a result, those who love taekwondo and dumping in the country under the self-torture, forced Taking advantage of liquor , fighting to vent anger Yu. In addition, the incompetence of the civil service is even more suppressed in the power of Taekwondo, Taekwondo is so far away from the state and one after another layer of nobility, while the common people living in between. After Japan invaded Korea, the loving one after another up taekwondo while leading the anti-Japanese movement.
1909, after the Japanese occupation of Korea, Yi Dynasty demise in 1910, the Japanese colonial government was established. The new government ban on all cultural activities in North Korea, Taekwondo is also prohibited within the law. During this period, almost extinct in Taekwondo, at the time, many Koreans to stay away from home, to China or Japan to make a living, so taekwondo martial arts into other forms can be inherited from. Well-known leaders of Taekwondo, General Choi Hong Hi had studied in Japan, and by the early part karate black belt. Although North Korea arms ban, but there are still people in the secret practice taekwondo.
In 1945, the Korean independence, home of political and social outlook of the new change, the emergence of self-defense once again, to stay off overseas Koreans will be the arms around the back of their skills, and Tae Kwon Do in one, creating a modern Tae Kwon Do system. At that time, the Korean, the name of self-defense into confusion, such as Tae with hand pump Road karate, Tang hand Road and other names and so on. In order for North Korea to the formal development of self-defense, that the boxer who must have a unified name.
In 1955, Taekwondo will be the leaders of North Korea finally collectively referred to as self-defense 「Taekwondo.」 TAE is the kicking skills; KWON means to fight with boxing; Road DO is refers to the use of the method of hands and feet. Easy to learn as a result of Taekwondo training, and sport is very intense, it is very popular, soon to be universal in North Korea at the same time, in the overseas have also been widely disseminated.
North Korea in September 1961 set up a hand-Tang Association (later renamed Taekwondo Association), the second time it was accepted as the Korean Amateur Sports Association, for the first time the National Games as an official event.
In 1966, the establishment of the first international organizations – the International Taekwondo Federation, chaired General Choi Hong Hi, due to a variety of reasons, in 1972, moved to Toronto, Canada.
May 1973, the World Taekwondo Federation was formally established in Seoul, Kim was elected as President, Member throughout Southeast Asia, Europe, the Americas over the country. That same year, in South Korea held its first session of the World Taekwondo Championships.
In 1974, in South Korea held its first Asian Taekwondo Championships, and since World Taekwondo Championships and the Asian Taekwondo Championships on back in Asia and around the world held.
In 1975, Kim Un-yong of the positive efforts of the World Taekwondo Federation was accepted as a member of International Sports Federations.
In 1980, the International Olympic Committee officially recognized the World Taekwondo Federation.
In 1986, Taekwondo was listed as the 10th Asian Games events.
In 1988, the Seoul Olympics, the first time as a demonstration project, but also in the Sydney 2000 Olympics, was listed as an official project.
In a short span of ten years, Taekwondo has been an unprecedented development. At present, about 110 Member States, 20 million fans of the public to participate in the practice Taekwondo.
Taekwondo today is not only a higher capacity to attack the art of attack and defense techniques, but also a sport, fine art and a good way to fitness.